The 1970’s produced the most impressive male physiques the world has ever seen. The bodybuilders of the 70’s made Zeus and Hercules look like pencil necks. In this article we will take a look at the 70’s bodybuilding workout routine – and how the 70’s bodybuilders achieved their near perfect physiques.
Current bodybuilders look like pregnant cows with zero bodyfat, in other words, they look absolutely ridiculous. The 70’s bodybuilders were the ideal physique of man – they had low bodyfat, but not so low they looked sick, they had small waists with abdominals clearly defined, big chests, wide lats, big shoulders, and big arms.
They had perfect V-tapers. A V-taper is when the male upper body has a “V” shape. Starting with wide shoulders, wide lats, and moving down in size to a tight waist – like a “V”.
In this article we will review the de-facto bodybuilding routine of bodybuilders like Arnold Schwarzenegger, Frank Zane, Franco Columbu, Lou Ferrigno, Boyer Coe, Bill Grant, Mike Mentzer, Serge Nubret and other bodybuilders from the golden era of bodybuilding.
The workout routine they used was a high-volume approach. In lay-mans terms ‘high volume’ means they did a whole lot of work to achieve their physiques. Both in the gym and in the “kitchen”.
Todays top bodybuilders follow a routine of working out one bodypart per week for one hour per workout session. For example they may work Chest on Monday, Back on Tuesday, rest on Wednesday, Legs on Thursday, Shoulders and Arms on Friday, and rest on Saturday and Sunday.
The 70’s era bodybuilders were in the gym 6 days per week doing lots of heavy work, resting very little, and spending a long time in the gym to achieve the look of perfection.
Their routine was not set in stone. A trainer must use his instinct to find what works for him. We will look at the bodypart splits (the days they worked each muscle groups) and the exercises they used. It is for the reader to determined his choice of exercises and rep scheme (the amount of reps you will do per set).
Bodybuilding in the 1970’s was about achieving perfection of the male body. 70’s bodybuilding was about building the most aesthetic, muscular and strong body attainable by man. Below we will look at how they accomplished this.
This is the de-facto bodypart split of the 1970’s era bodybuilders:
Monday: Chest and Back
Tuesday: Shoulders and Arms
Thursday: Chest and Back
Friday: Shoulders and Arms
Abdominals (Abs), Calves, Neck and Trapezius work was done 4-6 times per week or as needed.
The seventies bodybuilders would typically start their routine with abdominal or calf work (if needed).
After the abs and calves they would start with their hardest and heaviest exercise. The exercises they used were the most basic, multi-joint movement that build the most muscle. They would start with the hardest and heaviest and work towards the lightest exercises.
Monday and Thursday
Flat Barbell Bench Press / Incline Barbell Bench Press / Dips / Chest Flyes / Dumbbell Pullovers
Pullups / Chinups / Bent Rows / T-Bar Rows / Deadlifts
Tuesday and Friday
Military Press / Behind the Neck Press / Dumbbell Overhead Press (Arnold/Scott Press) / Front Dumbbell Raises / Side Dumbbell Raises
Barbell Curls / Dumbbell Curls / Incline Dumbbell Curls / Concentration Curls
Standing French Press / Skullcrushers / Close Grip Bench Press / Cable Pulldowns / Cable Pushdowns
Wednesday and Saturday
Squats / Hack Squats / Leg Press / Leg Extensions / Leg Curls
Daily or as Needed
Situps / Rope Crunches
Standing Calf Raises / Donkey Calf Raises / Seated Calf Raises
Seated Barbell Wrist Curls/ Reverse Barbell Wrist Curls / Behind the Back Barbell Wrist Curls / Hammer Curls / Reverse Barbell Curls
Wrestlers Bridges / Neck Curls / Neck Harness Curls
This is a sample workout routine that can be used to get started on the Old School 70’s Bodybuilding Routine:
Monday and Thursday:
Flat Barbell Bench Press – 5 sets / 1-12 reps per set
Incline Bench Press – 5 Sets / 5-12 reps per set
Flat Bench Dumbbell Flyes – 5 Sets / 8-12 reps per set
Chinups – As many sets as it takes to complete 50 Chinups
Bent Rows – 5 Sets / 8-12 reps per set
T-Bar Rows – 5 Sets / 8-12 reps per set
Notes: The rep scheme should fall between 5-12 reps per set, depending on how heavy the weight is, with 8 reps being ideal. You will start with lightweight and move up in weight with each set.
Always start this day with Flat Barbell Bench Press. You will do 5 total sets. Each set you will go up in weight 10, 15, or 20 lbs depending on strength level. You will want to end this exercise as heavy as possible, even with only 1 or 2 reps. This will “activate” your strength and allow you to lift heavier in all your next exercises.
A favorite of Arnold Schwarzenegger’s was to combine Chest and Back exercises into a superset. That means doing two exercises in a row without stopping. For example: he would do a set of Flat Barbell Bench Press and then immediately do a set of Chinups without rest. Arnold would continue like that until all 5 sets were finished.
Supersetting Chest and Back is an excellent way to build muscle, sweat out toxins and burn bodyfat because it’s very hard work.
Example Chest/Back Superset Routine:
Flat Barbell Bench Press superset with Chinups – 5 sets / 5-12 reps per set of Bench Press, as many chinups as possible per set
Incline Barbell Bench Press superset with Barbell Bent Rows – 5 sets / 5-12 reps per set
Chest Dumbbell Flyes superset with T-Bar Rows – 5 sets / 8-12 reps per set
Tuesday and Friday:
Behind the Neck Barbell Press – 5 sets / 5-12 reps per set
Arnold/Scott Press – 5 Sets / 8-12 reps per set
Lateral Dummbell Raises – 5 sets / 8-12 reps per set
Barbell Curls – 5 sets / 8-12 reps per set
Incline Dumbbell Curls – 5 sets / 8-12 reps per set
Concentration Curls – 5 sets / 8-12 reps per set
Close Grip Bench Press – 5 sets / 8-12 reps per set
Standing French Press – 5 sets / 8-12 reps per set
Cable or Rope Pushdowns/Pulldowns – 5 sets / 8-12 reps per set
TRAPEZIUS (AS NEEDED):
The Trapezius muscles (traps) are the muscle connecting the neck and the shoulders. Some trainers traps may need some additional work. For a man with narrow clavicles it is generally advisable to avoid trap work. For a man with wide clavicles trap work is usually necessary.
Barbell Shrugs / Dumbbell Shrugs / Farmers Walks
Notes: Always start this day with the Barbell Shoulders Presses. Those with shoulder problems can substitute the Behind the Neck Barbell Press with Standing Military Press (Barbell Presses to the front). The rep scheme should fall between 5-12 reps with 8 being the ideal. Start the Barbell Press with light weight and move up in weight with each set until you are hitting about 5 reps. The Arnold/Scott Press and the Lateral DB Raises should be performed with 8-12 reps per set.
The Biceps and Triceps exercises should be performed with 8-12 reps per set. Heavier weight does not need to be used with each set.
To save time and get an insane pump the Biceps and Triceps exercises can be supersetted. To do that you will do one exercise of Biceps immediately followed by one Tricpes exercises until all sets and exercises are completed.
Example Biceps/Triceps Superset Routine:
Standing Barbell Curls superset with Close Grip Bench Press – 5 sets / 8-12 reps per set
Incline Dumbbell Curls superset with Standing French Press – 5 sets / 8-12 reps per set
Concentration Curls superset with Rope Pulldowns – 5 sets / 8-12 reps per set
Wednesday and Saturday:
Squats – 5 sets / 5-20 reps per set
Hack Squats – 5 sets / 8-20 reps per set
Lying Leg Curls – 5 sets / 8-20 reps per set
Leg Extensions – 5 sets / 8-20 reps per set
Notes: Always start Leg day with Squats because they are the hardest exercise. The squats will be performed in the same fashion as the Flat Bench Press. We will start with a lightweight and move up in weight with each set. The first set of Squats will be done with the empty bar for approx. 20 reps. Then you will add weight with each set depending on your strength levels, ending the 5th set with anywhere between 1-5 reps.
The Legs respond very well to higher rep schemes so we will keep the low end of the other leg exercises at 8 reps and the high end at 20 reps per set.
Abs and Calves as Needed:
Both Abs and Calves respond well to higher rep ranges. 20 reps per set is good for calves and even more than that is good for abs. You will need to experiment with the suggested exercises to find what works best for you. Both abs and calves can be worked up to 6 times per week. Arnold Schwarzenegger started every workout with calf work and wrist/forearm work and ended each workout with ab work.
Forearm Work as Needed:
Forearm work can be done on Tuesdays and Fridays along with Biceps and Triceps work. Forearm work can also be done on any other days the trainer sees fit. Forearms can handle a lot of work and some trainers will need to do a lot of forearm work to get their forearms to grow. Forearms can be done in rep changes of 8-12 reps per set.
Neck Work as Needed:
Some trainers will need to do neck work and some won’t. The neck can grow from heavy breathing during exercises like Squats, Overhead Pressing and Deadlifts but some trainers will need to do additional work. Neck work should be done in the rep ranges of 8-20. Neck work can be done 2-3 times per work or more if needed. Neck work is essential if trainer does not have naturally big and/or muscular neck.
Notes about the Old School 70’s Workout Routine
Old school bodybuilders trained for strength as well as muscle size. They would often do an exercise as heavy as can be until they found their one rep max. Each week a trainer can pick one exercise and go as heavy as possible to find their one rep max. The perfect exercises to do a one rep max on are the Flat Barbell Bench Press, the Deadlift, and the Squat.
The Deadlift is not included in the sample workout above but can be added to any back day for ultimate strength and mass gains. The deadlift should not be performed for over 5 reps. It is a heavy weight exercise designed to build ultimate strength. Warmup with light weight and add progressively heavier weight to obtain your one rep max.
When following the 70’s workout routine be sure to not take too long of a rest period. One minute rest per set/superset is good. Resting very little and working very hard provides excellent fat-burning benefits.
Diet and Eating
Bodybuilders of the Golden Era ate BIG. In particular, they ate a lot of protein and saturated fat. Whole raw eggs were consumed by many as a staple protein/fat source. Steak, Beef, Chicken, and Tuna were staple protein sources as well. Carbohydrates were eaten during “bulking” (putting on weight) phases and were gradually reduced during “cutting” (losing weight) phases. Many of them made their own protein shakes consisting of raw eggs, milk powder and whatever else they could think to add.
Bodybuilders of the 1970’s used anabolic steroids to obtain their muscular size and low bodyfat percentage. The 70’s bodybuilders used steroids under the supervision and care of a trained physician. Steroids were perfectly legal in the 1970’s and were as easily obtained as any current prescription medication.
It would be a lie to say that a natural trainer could look like the 70’s era bodybuilders on food, training, and over the counter supplements alone. A natural trainer can make good progress on this routine, especially if within the first year or two of training, but will not obtain the same level of muscularity.
A particular favorite of 70’s era bodybuilders for putting on size was the combination of testosterone, deca durabolin. and dianabol.
Body of a Spartan – Achieve the ideal physique without the drugs.
Arnold: The Education of a Bodybuilder by Arnold Schwarzenegger – One of BOLD & DETERMINED’s top 5 favorite books. It has a wealth of training information and is extremely motivating. After reading this book you WILL bust your ass in the gym. This book also talks about the power of visualization and mindset and details Arnolds rise to the top of the bodybuilding world. A must read.
The New Encyclopedia of Modern Bodybuilding : The Bible of Bodybuilding by Arnold Schwarzenegger – The most complete bodybuilding book in regards to exercise selection, muscle groups and functions, training methods and rep ranges, and diet information.
Pumping Iron – Pumping Iron is one of BOLD & DETERMINED’s top 5 films. Pumping Iron is a must watch for anyone interested in 1970’s era bodybuilding. Staring Arnold Schwarzenegger, Lou Ferrigno, Franco Columbu, and Serge Nubret as themselves, this docu-drama documents the rivalry between Big Lou Ferrigno and Alpha Dog Arnold Schwarzenegger leading up to the 1975 Mr. Olympia. With endlessly quotable lines, training advices, and hardcore training this movie is the ultimate for people interested in physique training. Bonus: A no-holds barred look at the ultimately Charismatic and Machiavellian Arnold Schwarzenegger. Bonus #2: Watching this movie before heading to the gym is the ultimate pump-up, on the same level as Rocky.